What happens if a candidate doesn’t receive 270 votes?

“Winner takes all” versus “Electoral Assigned by presidential results.”

“Winner takes all” is implemented in all but two states: Nebraska and Maine. “Winner takes all” means all Electoral College votes will go to one candidate based on the state’s popular vote.

For example: Pennsylvania has 20 electoral votes. Regardless of how much one candidate wins the popular margin, all 20 electoral votes will go to that one candidate.

In Nebraska and Maine, Electoral College votes are assigned in part by the presidential results in each of their congressional districts.

For example: Nebraska has 5 electoral votes. Instead of “winner takes all,” two electoral votes will be allocated to the winner of the state’s popular vote and then one electoral vote to the winner of the popular vote in each Congressional district.

If no candidate receives 270 Electoral College votes, the president is then selected by the House of Representatives. Each state gets a single vote.

“Winner takes all”!

  • Candidates focus too much on Swing States

In the current system, there are states both Republicans and Democrats are guaranteed to win and so presidential candidates can ignore those states and focus instead on just a few        “battleground” or “swing” states. Battleground states are those that are a toss-up to either candidate. Often with many electoral votes at stake, these are where candidates spend most of their time and resources competing for votes. These states have a lot of power and can decide the outcome of a presidential election.

  • Small states get too much power

Critics of the Electoral College claim it gives outsized power to small states because they are guaranteed three electoral votes despite lower population size.

  • Winning the popular vote doesn’t guarantee the presidency

Two of our last three presidents won the presidency without winning the national popular vote.

 

National Popular Vote

  • The national popular vote winner should become President
  • One-person, one-vote
  • Candidates should have a reason to campaign in all 50 states

What happens if a candidate doesn’t receive 270 votes?

If no candidate receives 270 Electoral College votes, the president is then selected by the House of Representatives. Each state gets a single vote.

 

 

Leave a Reply